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Human Heart Care
The human heart is a vital organ that functions as a pump, providing a continuous circulation of blood through the body. It takes in deoxygenated blood through the veins and delivers it to the lungs for oxygenation before pumping it into the various arteries.
A few facts of the human heart are:
1. A human heart is roughly the size of a large fist.
2. The heart weighs between 9 and 12 ounces (250 or 300 grams).
3. The heart beats about 100,000 times per day.
4. An adult heart beats about 60 to 80 times per minute.
5. Newborns hearts beat faster than adult hearts, about 70 to 190 beats per minute.
6. The heart pumps about 6 quarts (5.7 liters) of blood throughout the body.
7. The heart is located in the center of the chest, usually pointing slightly left.
Daily stress or lack of exercise in our busy schedule clubbed with an improper diet can distort the heart and leave us with at a higher risk of heart disease. Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease. It occurs when cholesterol builds up in arteries – called plaque – narrowing the space blood can flow through, a condition called ‘Atherosclerosis’. Ultimately, the narrowing can build up enough to cause chest pain and shortness of breath – called angina. It can also block the vessel completely, causing a heart attack.
It is imperative you ensure your heart remains healthy. A few preventive measures are:
1. Eat more green leafy vegetables.
2. Exercise daily.
3. Take proper amount of sleep to relax your mind and body.
4. Include olive oil in your daily cooking.
5. Reduce the intake of fats and sweets.
Types of Bypass Surgeries:
Heart Transplant Surgery removes a person’s diseased heart and replaces it with a healthy heart from a deceased donor. Surgeons can use different approaches to operate on the heart and the approach depends highly on the patient’s heart problem, general health, and other factors. There are mainly three types of Bypass surgeries
1. Open-heart Surgery
2. Off-Pump Heart Surgery
3. Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery
Open-heart surgery is any kind of surgery in which a surgeon makes a large incision (cut) in the chest to open the rib cage and operate on the heart. “Open” referring to the chest, not the heart. Depending on the type of surgery, the surgeon also may open the heart.
An open-heart surgery is a vital part of a Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as the surgeon may need to repair or replace heart valves, treat atrial fibrillation, transplant the heart or place a ventricular assist device (VAD) and in rare cases a total artificial heart (TAH).
Off-Pump Heart Surgery:
Surgeons use off-pump or beating heart surgery to do a CABG. This approach is like traditional open-heart surgery because the chest bone is opened to access the heart. However, the heart hasn’t stopped, and a heart-lung bypass machine isn’t used.
Off-pump heart surgery isn’t right for all patients. Work with your doctor to decide whether this type of surgery is an option for you. Your doctor will carefully consider your heart problem, age, overall health, and other factors that may affect the choice of surgery method.
Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery:
Small incisions (cuts) in the side of the chest between the ribs are used as access points to the heart. Minimally invasive heart surgery is used to do a bypass and maze procedure. It’s also used to repair or replace heart valves, insert pacemakers or ICDs, or take a vein or artery from the body to use as a bypass graft for CABG.
One type of minimally invasive heart surgery that’s still being developed is the robotic-assisted surgery. For this surgery, a surgeon uses a computer to control surgical tools on thin robotic arms.
Heart disease can be a silent killer. To prevent heart diseases a regular heart check-up is necessary. You can schedule an appointment at Wockhardt Hospitals today. Simply fill out a form on Facebook: http://on.fb.me/1jpuNwQ or email us at: email@example.com.